Monday, February 23, 2009

Le Subjonctif: The subjunctive mood Part 1

Le subjonctif is one of the most confusing subjects when it comes to learning the French language. However once you have mastered the subjonctif you would see that it is actually easier than you have thought.

First we shall know first how verbs are conjugated in this mood:

For all regular verbs (-ER, -IR, and -RE), take the 3rd person plural form (ils) of the present tense of the verb, drop the -ent ending to find the stem, and add the subjunctive endings as follows:

parler choisir rendre
parlent choisissent rendent
parl choisiss rend
Subjunctive endings

... que je -e parle choisisse rende
... que tu -es parles choisisses rendes
... qu' il/elle/on -e parle choisisse rende
... que nous -ions parlions choisissions rendions
... que vous -iez parliez choisissiez rendiez
... qu' ils/elles -ent parlent choisissent rendent

partir mettre
... que je parte mette
... que tu partes mettes
... qu' il/elle/on parte mette
... que nous partions mettions
... que vous partiez mettiez
... qu' ils/elles partent mettent

boire envoyer prendre venir
buvons envoyons prenons venons
buv envoy pren ven
Subjunctive endings

... que nous -ions buvions envoyions prenions venions
... que vous -iez buviez envoyiez preniez veniez

boivent envoient prennent viennent
boiv envoi prenn vienn
Subjunctive endings

... que je -e boive envoie prenne vienne
... que tu -es boives envoies prennes viennes
... qu' il/elle/on -e boive envoie prenne vienne
... qu' ils/elles -ent boivent envoient prennent viennent

Read Part II here

No comments:

Recommended Online Money Makers

Affiliate Banner Blogvertise

Total Pageviews